现在开发环境原来越复杂,为了方便开发,让团队每个人的环境一致,最近使用docker进行打包image,发放给团队使用。

#安装docker 本人使用mac,直接下载docker for mac 方便很多,其他os网上一搜一大把。so easy~!

下载images

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[docker@docker-root ~]$ sudo docker pull alpine
[docker@docker-root ~]$ sudo docker pull ubuntu
[docker@docker-root ~]$ sudo docker images
REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             VIRTUAL SIZE
alpine              latest              3e467a6273a3        2 days ago          4.793 MB
ubuntu              latest              17b6a9e179d7        5 days ago          120.7 MB

启动

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docker run -ti -h dev --net=host -v ~/workspace/sohu:/root/workspace -w /root develop:base /bin/bash

把本地目录 ~/workspace/sohu 映射到容器 /root/workspace 目录

自定义images

先更新下源,安装几个必备工具

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apt-get update
apt-get install vim curl git wget 

修改阿里云源

修改成阿里云源,加快安装软件的速度

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sudo cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.bak #备份
sudo vim /etc/apt/sources.list #修改
sudo apt-get update #更新列表

阿里云源

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deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse

python开发环境

安装工具和必备依赖

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apt-get install gcc gdb binutils make git dstat sysstat htop curl wget
apt-get install libjpeg-dev
apt-get install net-tools
apt-get install libffi-dev
apt-get install bzip2
apt-get install libssl
apt-get install libssl-dev

如需要sqlit支持需要先装如下库,再安装python:

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sudo apt-get install sqlite3 libsqlite3-dev

pyenv 安装

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$ curl -L https://raw.githubusercontent.com/yyuu/pyenv-installer/master/bin/pyenv-installer | bash

在 ~/.bashrc 中添加

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export PATH="/root/.pyenv/bin:$PATH"
eval "$(pyenv init -)"
eval "$(pyenv virtualenv-init -)"

查看可安装的版本

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$ pyenv install --list

安装指定版本

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$ pyenv install 3.5.2 -v

更新数据库

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$ pyenv rehash

查看当前已安装的python版本

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 $ pyenv versions 
 * system (set by /Users/ce/workspace/sohu/.python-version)
  3.5.1
  sohu351

设置全局的python版本

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$ pyenv global 3.5.1
$ pyenv versions
system
* 3.5.1 (set by /Users/ce/workspace/sohu/.python-version)

安装virtualenv

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$ pyenv global system  切换到系统python
$ pip install virtualenv

安装virtualenvwrapper

安装 virtualenvwrapper 并让pyenv支持

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$ pip install virtualenvwrapper
$ git clone https://github.com/yyuu/pyenv-virtualenvwrapper.git ~/.pyenv/plugins/pyenv-virtualenvwrapper

使用python3.5创建一个虚拟环境

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$ pyenv global 3.5.2
$ mkvirtualenv env2
$ workon env2

Go开发环境

编译go1.3需要的参数

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CGO_ENABLED=0 ./make.bash

ToDo……

image 字符集修改

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$ export LANG="en_US.UTF-8"

$ sudo locale-gen "en_US.UTF-8"
Generating locales...
  en_US.UTF-8... done
Generation complete.

$ sudo dpkg-reconfigure locales
Generating locales...
  en_US.UTF-8... up-to-date
Generation complete.

$ locale charmap
UTF-8

syslog

如果使用syslog,需要在启动的时候做一次目录映射

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-v /dev/log:/dev/log

保存images

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$ docker ps                                                                                                              [17:06:10]
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND             CREATED             STATUS              PORTS               NAMES
111be6691cc8        c5940ba1089c        "/bin/bash"              4 days ago          Up 9 hours                                        dev

把 image 中 c5940ba1089c 这个字段记住

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docker commit c5940ba1089c develop:base  #进行保存

进行查看

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 $ docker images                                                                                                          
REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
develop             base                5a893de95205        40 hours ago        1.87 GB
ubuntu              latest              42118e3df429        9 weeks ago         124.8 MB
alpine              latest              4e38e38c8ce0        3 months ago        4.799 MB
hello-world         latest              690ed74de00f        11 months ago       960 B

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